Agricultural Drainage Types and Systems

 An agricultural drainage system is a system by which water is evacuated on or in the soil to enhance agricultural production of crops. It may involve any combination of stormwater control, erosion control, and watertable control. There are two main types of drainage systems employed in agriculture. They are surface drainage and sub-surface drainage. The regular surface drainage systems, which start functioning as soon as there is an excess of rainfall or irrigation applied, operate entirely by gravity. The subsurface field drainage systems consist of horizontal or slightly sloping channels made in the soil; they can be open ditches, trenches, filled with brushwood and a soil cap, filled with stones and a soil cap, buried pipe drains, tile drains, or mole drains, but they can also consist of a series of wells. surface drainage systems are usually applied in relatively flat lands that have soils with a low or medium infiltration capacity, or in lands with high-intensity rainfalls that exceed the normal infiltration capacity, so that frequent waterlogging occurs on the soil surface. Subsurface drainage systems are used when the drainage problem is mainly that of shallow water tables.

  • Agricultural Drainage
  • Field Drainage systems
  • Surface drainage
  • Mole Drainage
  • Bio-Drainage
  • Quality of water irrigation

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