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World Congress on Water Conservation and Irrigation, will be organized around the theme “Addressing Modernized Irrigation Practices and Water Conservation Challenges”
Irrigation Congress 2018 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Irrigation Congress 2018
Submit your abstract to any of the mentioned tracks.
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Irrigation technology is the technology employed for replenishment of soilwater storage in plant root zone through methods other than natural precipitation. Irrigation is seen to have found its roots in the history of mankind since earliest beginning. It helps to reduce the uncertainties, particularly the climatic uncertainties in agriculture practices. Water application confined in time and space, enabling the water requirements of a crop at a given time of its vegetative cycle or to bring the soil to the desired moisture level outside the vegetative cycle. The irrigation of a field includes one or more watering per season. Sources of irrigation water can be groundwater extracted from springs or by using borings or wells, flood water spreading, surface water withdrawn from the flow of a stream, lakes or reservoirs or non-conventional sources like treated waste water, desalinated water or drainage water. The water quality used for irrigation influences the yield and quantity of crops, maintenance of soil productivity, and protection of the environment.
Rain water harvesting is one of the potent methods of water conservation and management. It is the term used to indicate the collection and storage of rain water used for human, animals and plant needs. It involves collection and storage of rain water at surface or in sub-surface aquifer, before it is lost as surface run off. The augmented resource can be harvested in the time of need. Rainwater harvesting provides an independent water supply during regional water restrictions, and in developed countries, is often used to supplement the main supply. It reduces the contamination of surface water with sediments, fertilizers and pesticides from flash flood resulting in cleaner lakes, rivers, oceans and other receivers of storm water. Application of rain water harvesting in urban water system provides substantial benefit for both water supply and waste water subsystem by reducing the need for clean water in water distribution system.
- Track 2-1Latest Rainwater Harvesting Concepts
- Track 2-2Sustainable Urban Drainage- Designing
- Track 2-3Developing Area Specific Rainwater Harvesting Approach
- Track 2-4Plugging Rainwater Harvesting Loopholes & Ensuring Implementation
Sustainable water management is essential to the success of economy, the health of our environment and the well being of our society. Water is also a vital component in agricultural production. It is essential to maximise both yield and quality. Water has to be applied in the right amounts at the right time in order to achieve the right crop result. At the same time, the application of water should avoid waste of a valuable resource and be in sympathy with the environment as a whole. Understanding, measuring and assessing how water flows around the farm, and recognising how farming practices affect flows, will help farmers to manage water efficiently and reduce pollution risks. Economic, environmental and social considerations are playing an increasing role in agricultural production. Careful and effective water management will form part of these considerations, as well as helping the farmer to continue producing profitable production.
- Track 3-1Soil protection
- Track 3-2Water audit
- Track 3-3Water quality
- Track 3-4Inculcating of suitable farming system
- Track 3-5Economic and social sustainability
- Track 3-6Aeration systems
water distribution system is a system of engineered hydrologic and hydraulic components which provide water supply. A water supply system typically includes water storage facilities, water purification facilities, raw water collection point, water pressurizing components, water supply. The water in the supply network is maintained at positive pressure to ensure that water reaches all parts of the network, that a sufficient flow is available at every take-off point and to ensure that untreated water in the ground cannot enter the network. The water is typically pressurised by pumps that pump water into storage tanks constructed at the highest local point in the network. One network may have several such service reservoirs. These systems are usually owned and maintained by local governments, such as cities, or other public entities, but are occasionally operated by a commercial enterprise known as water privitization.
- Track 4-1Water quality control and monitoring
- Track 4-2Geological survey of water supply
- Track 4-3water spreading for ground-water replenishment
- Track 4-4surface ground water recharge
Wastewater, refers to the municipal wastewater that contains a broad spectrum of contaminants resulting from the mixing of wastewater from homes, businesses, industrial areas and often drains, especially in older sewer systems. Wastewater, if recycled and reused with care, forms a lucrative source of water for irrigation due to its continuous and assured supply and high nutritional value. Wastewater Treatment is a process of combination of physical, chemical, and biological processes and operations to remove solids, organic matter and sometimes nutrients from wastewater. The principal objective of wastewater treatment is generally to allow human and industrial effluents to be disposed of without danger to human health or unacceptable damage to the natural environment. Irrigation with wastewater is both disposal and utilization and indeed is an effective form of wastewater disposal. However, some degree of treatment must normally be provided to raw municipal wastewater before it can be used for agricultural or landscape irrigation or for aquaculture
- Track 5-1Aeration systems
- Track 5-2Biological treatment process
- Track 5-3Antitransiprants
- Track 5-4Solid & Liquid Waste Management
- Track 5-5Industrial Wastes
- Track 5-6Biomass,Bio fuels and Bio energy production
- Track 5-7Energy Recovery
Hydraulics is the liquid counterpart of pneumatics, which concerns gases. In broad, hydraulics is a technology and applied science using engineering, chemistry, and other sciences involving the mechanical properties and use of liquids. Fluid mechanics provides the theoretical foundation for hydraulics, which focuses on the applied engineering using the properties of fluids. In its fluid power applications, hydraulics is used for the generation, control, and transmission of power by the use of pressurized liquids. Hydraulic topics range through some parts of science and most of engineering modules, and cover concepts such as pipe flow, dam design, fluidics and fluid control circuitry, pumps. Free surface hydraulics is the branch of hydraulics dealing with free surface flow, such as occurring in rivers, canals, lakes, estuaries and seas. Its sub-field open channel flow studies the flow in open channels.
- Track 6-1Ground water inventory
- Track 6-2Recycling Of Waste Water
- Track 6-3Water Resources Engineering
- Track 6-4Water Supply And Sanitation
- Track 6-5Domestic Water Treatment Plant
- Track 6-6Quality Analysis Of Ground Water
- Track 6-7Rain Water Collection And Storage
Irrigation is the method in which a controlled amount of water is supplied to plants at regular intervals for agriculture. It is used to assist in the growing of agricultural crops, maintenance of landscapes, and revegetation of disturbed soils in dry areas and during periods of inadequate rainfall. Different types of irrigation includes drip irrigation, sprinkler irrigation, localized irrigtaion, centre pivot irrigation, sub irrigation, manual irrigation. Additionally, irrigation also has a few other uses in crop production, which include protecting plants against frost, suppressing weed growth in grain fields and preventing soil consolidation. In contrast, agriculture that relies only on direct rainfall is referred to as rain-fed or dry land farming. Irrigation systems are also used for dust suppression, disposal of sewage, and in mining. Irrigation is often studied together with drainage, which is the natural or artificial removal of surface and sub-surface water from a given area.
- Track 7-1Localized irrigation
- Track 7-2Drip irrigation
- Track 7-3Sprinkler irrigation
- Track 7-4Centre pivot irrigation
- Track 7-5Lateral move irrigation
- Track 7-6 Sub-irrigation
- Track 7-7Manual irrigation
Flood control refers to all methods used to reduce or prevent the detrimental effects of flood waters. Flood relief refers to methods used to reduce the effects of flood waters or high-water levels. Floods are caused by many factors heavy rainfall, highly accelerated snowmelt, severe winds over water, unusual high tides, tsunamis, or failure of dams, levees, retention ponds, or other structures that retained the water. Flooding can be exacerbated by increased amounts of impervious surface or by other natural hazards such as wildfires, which reduce the supply of vegetation that can absorb rainfall. Floods occur when ponds, lakes, riverbeds, soil, and vegetation cannot absorb all the water. Water then runs off the land in quantities that cannot be carried within stream channels or retained in natural ponds, lakes, and man-made reservoirs. Some methods of flood control have been practiced since ancient times. These methods include planting vegetation to retain extra water, terracing hillsides to slow flow downhill, and the construction of floodways (man-made channels to divert floodwater). Other techniques include the construction of levees, lakes, dams, reservoirs, retention ponds to hold extra water during times of flooding
- Track 8-1Flood forecasting
- Track 8-2Flood risk management
- Track 8-3 Flood lamination
- Track 8-4Flood water harvesting
Automatic Irrigation system refers to the operation of system with no or just a minimum of manual intervention beside the surveillance. An automatic irrigation control system has been designed to facilitate the automatic supply of adequate of water from a reservoir to field or domestic crops in all agricultural seasons. One of the objectives of this work is to see how human control could be removed from irrigation and also to optimize the use of water in the process. The automatic irrigation control system consists of power supply, sensing unit, control unit, pumping subsystem. The advantages of automatic irrigation to the plants include saving money, water, conservation of labour and overall convenience. The water supply needed by the system to perform its irrigation function can be from any source, i.e. well, river, stream, pond, lagoon, etc. However, it is most desirable if a constant source of water is available to the system in order to ensure continuity of operation.
- Track 9-1Power supply
- Track 9-2Sensing unit
- Track 9-3Control units
- Track 9-4 Submersible Pumps
- Track 9-5Turbine and Jet Pumps
- Track 9-6Sprinklers
- Track 9-7 Drippers
Water conservation includes all the policies, strategies and activities made to sustainably manage the natural resource fresh water, to protect the water environment, and to meet the current and future human demand. Population, household size, and growth and affluence all affect how much water is used. Factors such as climate change have increased pressures on natural water resources especially in manufacturing and agricultural irrigation. Habitat conservation where minimizing human water use helps to preserve freshwater habitats for local wildlife and migrating waterflow, but also water quality. Ensuring availability of water for future generations where the withdrawal of freshwater from an ecosystem does not exceed its natural replacement rate. Water conservation includes rain water harvesting, protecting ground water resources and practicing sustainable method of utilizing ground water.
- Track 10-1Water recycling strategies
- Track 10-2professional handling of water contaminant
- Track 10-3managing of artificial water cycles
- Track 10-4 increasing efficiency of water resources
- Track 10-5securing and managing water sources for private use
Maintaining a good irrigation system is a necessity in today’s water scarcity environment. One of the main challenges in agricultural activities is irrigation. Irrigation is the artificial exploitation and distribution of water at project level aiming at application of water at field level to agricultural crops in dry areas or in periods of scarce rainfall to assure or improve crop production. It encompasses methodological development of observational, experimental, theoretical, analytical, numerical, and data-driven approaches that advance the science of water and its management. Submissions are evaluated for their novelty, accuracy, significance, and broader implications of the findings. An agricultural drainage system is a system by which water is evacuated on or in the soil to enhance agricultural production of crops. It may involve any combination of stormwater control, erosion control, and watertable control. There are two main types of drainage systems employed in agriculture. They are surface drainage and sub-surface drainage. The regular surface drainage systems, which start functioning as soon as there is an excess of rainfall or irrigation applied, operate entirely by gravity.
- Track 11-1Role of irrigation audit in water conservation
- Track 11-2Canals
- Track 11-3Irrigation water management
- Track 11-4Sewage management
- Track 11-5Underground drainage system
Hydrology is the scientific study of the movement, distribution, and quality of water on Earth and other planets, including the water cycle, water resources and environmental watershed sustainability. Hydrology subdivides into surface water hydrology, groundwater hydrology and marine hydrology. Domains of hydrology include hydrometeorology, surface hydrology, hydrogeology, drainage-basin management and water quality, where water plays the central role. The central theme of hydrology is that water circulates throughout the Earth through different pathways and at different rates. The most vivid image of this is in the evaporation of water from the ocean, which forms clouds. These clouds drift over the land and produce rain. The rainwater flows into lakes, rivers, or aquifers. The water in lakes, rivers, and aquifers then either evaporates back to the atmosphere or eventually flows back to the ocean, completing a cycle. Water changes its state of being several times throughout this cycle.
- Track 12-1River hydrology
- Track 12-2Urban hydrology
- Track 12-3Environmental hydrology
- Track 12-4Spring hydrology
- Track 12-5Stochastic hydrology
Water resources are the source of water that are potentially useful. Uses of water include agricultural, industrial, household, recreational and environmental activities. Different types of water are surface water, ground water, frozen water, under river flow, desalination. The majority of human uses require fresh water. Water is an essential resource for all life on the planet. Of the water resources on Earth only three percent of it is fresh and two-thirds of the freshwater is locked up in ice caps and glaciers. Of the remaining one percent, a fifth is in remote, inaccessible areas and much seasonal rainfall in monsoonal deluges and floods cannot easily be used. Much effort in water resource management is directed at optimizing the use of water and in minimizing the environmental impact of water use on the natural environment. The observation of water as an integral part of the ecosystem is based on integrated water resource management, where the quantity and quality of the ecosystem help to determine the nature of the natural resources.
- Track 13-1Water Resources Engineering and Management
- Track 13-2Water Conflict
- Track 13-3Groundwater and Surface Water Interaction
- Track 13-4Ground Water (Artificial) Recharge
- Track 13-5Water quality
- Track 13-6Monitoring, Forecasting, and Warning System in Water-related Management,
The development in smart environmental technology and the application of rationalized irrigation creates a new way of research in the field of agriculture. Maintaining a good irrigation system is a necessity in today’s water scarcity environment. One of the main challenges in agricultural activities is irrigation. Irrigation is the artificial exploitation and distribution of water at project level aiming at application of water at field level to agricultural crops in dry areas or in periods of scarce rainfall to assure or improve crop prod. Environmental impacts of irrigation are the changes in quantity and quality of soil and water as a result of irrigation and the ensuring effects on natural and social conditions at the tail-end and downstream of the irrigation scheme. The impacts stem from the changed hydrological conditions owing to the installation and operation of the scheme. The effects there of on soil and water quality are indirect and complex, waterlogging and soil salination are part of these, where as the subsequent impacts on natural, ecological and socio-economic conditions is very intricate.
- Track 14-1Pollution and irrigation
- Track 14-2Organic agriculture
- Track 14-3Soil health and management
- Track 14-4Environmental aspects of irrigation
An agricultural drainage system is a system by which water is evacuated on or in the soil to enhance agricultural production of crops. It may involve any combination of stormwater control, erosion control, and watertable control. There are two main types of drainage systems employed in agriculture. They are surface drainage and sub-surface drainage. The regular surface drainage systems, which start functioning as soon as there is an excess of rainfall or irrigation applied, operate entirely by gravity. The subsurface field drainage systems consist of horizontal or slightly sloping channels made in the soil; they can be open ditches, trenches, filled with brushwood and a soil cap, filled with stones and a soil cap, buried pipe drains, tile drains, or mole drains, but they can also consist of a series of wells. surface drainage systems are usually applied in relatively flat lands that have soils with a low or medium infiltration capacity, or in lands with high-intensity rainfalls that exceed the normal infiltration capacity, so that frequent waterlogging occurs on the soil surface. Subsurface drainage systems are used when the drainage problem is mainly that of shallow water tables.
- Track 15-1Agricultural Drainage
- Track 15-2Field Drainage systems
- Track 15-3Surface drainage
- Track 15-4Mole Drainage
- Track 15-5Bio-Drainage
- Track 15-6Quality of water irrigation